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1. After lunch you go to see a friend at her house. She says “Would you like something to eat?”

You say: No, thank you. I’ve just had lunch. (have lunch)

2. Joe goes out. Five minutes later, the phone rings and the caller says “Can I speak to Joe?”

You say: I’m afraid _________________________________________ ( go out)

3. You are eating in a restaurant. The waiter thinks you have finished and starts to take your plate away.

You say: Wait a minute _____________________________________ . ( not finish)

4..You are going to a restaurant this evening. You phone to reserve a table. Later your friend says “Shall I phone to reserve a table?

You say: No, …………………………………………………………….it. (do)

5. You know that a friend of yours is looking for a job. Perhaps she has been successful. Ask her.

You say: __________________________________________________? (find)

6. Ann went to the bank, but a few minutes ago she returned. Somebody asks “Is Ann still at the bank?

You say: No, __________________________________________ . (come back)

 

Обязательный лексический минимум по теме “The United Kingdom of Great Britain”

1. to be situated on – быть расположенным на

2. to consist of – состоять из

3. the total area – общая площадь

4. urban - городской

5. to be made up – состоять из

6. to be separated from … by – отделяться

7. to be washed by – омываться

8. surface – поверхность

9. to vary – варьировать, меняться

10. mountainous – гористый

11. a valley – долина

12. to export – экспортировать

13. machinery – станки

14. electronics – электроника

15. textile – текстиль

16. shipbuilding – судостроение

17. temperate – умеренный

18. due to - благодаря, вследствие

19. mood - настроение

20. remark - замечание

21. to go abroad - поехать за границу

22. nationality - национальность

23. tendency - тенденция

24. damp - влажный, сырой

25. fire - камин

26. fog - туман

27. smog (smoke + fog) - смог

28. extremely - чрезвычайно

29. to spread (spread) - распространять(ся), расстилать(ся)

30. to creep (crept) - ползти, красться


 

 

Прочитайте и переведите текст

THE UK POLITICAL SYSTEM

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. This means that Great Britain is governed by the Parliament and the Queen is Head of State.

The legislative power in the country is exercised by the Houses of Parliament. The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The House of Lords is composed of hereditary and life peersandpeeresses. The members of the House of Commons are elected by the people. They are elected from the constituencies in England, Scotland. Wales and Northern Ireland. The House of Commons is the real governing body of the United Kingdom.



The executive power is exercised by Prime Minister and his Cabinet. The government is usually formed by the political party which is supported by the majority in the House of Commons. Prime Minister is the majority party leader and is appointed by the Queen. Prime Minister chooses a team of ministers; twenty of the ministers are in the Cabinet.

The second largest party becomes the official opposition with its own leader and the Shadow Cabinet. The two leading parties in Great Britain are the Conservative party (the Tories) and the Labour Party.

The judiciary branch of the government determines common law and is independent of both the legislative and the executive branches.

There is no written constitution in Great Britain, only precedents and traditions.

Vocabulary

 


a constitutional monarchy – конституционная монархия

the Queen - королева

Head of State – глава государства

the legislative power – законодательная власть

to be exercised by - осуществляться

the Houses of Parliament - Парламент

the House of Lords – Палата Лордов

the House of Commons – Палата Общин

to be composed of – состоять из

a hereditary or life peer – наследственный или пожизненный лорд, пэр

a peeress - пэресса

to be elected by the people – избираться народом

to be elected from a constituency – избираться из избирательного округа

the real governing body – реальный правящий орган

the executive power – исполнительная власть

Prime Minister – Премьер-министр

the Cabinet - Кабинет

to be formed by – образовываться, формироваться из

to be supported by the majority – поддерживаться большинством

the majority party leader – лидер партии большинства

to be appointed by – назначаться кем-либо

to choose a team of ministers – создавать команду министров

the official opposition – официальная оппозиция

the Shadow Cabinet – Теневой Кабинет

the judiciary branch of the government – судебная власть

to determine common law – определять гражданский закон

to be independent of – не зависеть от

a written constitution – письменная конституция

a precedent - прецедент


 

Найдите в тексте места, содержащие ответы на предложенные вопросы

1. What does the term “constitutional monarchy” mean?

2. What body exercises the legislative power in the country?

3. How are the chambers of the Parliament composed?

4. What body exercises the executive power?

5. How is the executive branch of the government formed?

6. What is the official opposition?

7. What does the judiciary branch of the government do?

8. Is there a written Constitution in Great Britain?



 

 

 

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