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Practise the dialogue and then make up your own dialogues, discussing your favourite sports activities.





John: Hi, Mike! Where are you going?

Mike: Hello, John! I’m going to a football match. I’ve hardly got the tickets for me and my brother.

John: Was it so hard to get the tickets?

Mike: Of course! I’m lucky that I’ve got two. "Spartak" and "Dinamo" are playing. And what about you? Are you going?

John: No, actually I’m not fond of football. I like tennis more.

Mike: Do you go in for tennis?

John: I’ve been playing tennis since I was 6 years old. But now I’m a first-year cadet and have less time for it, because we have a strict daily routine.

Mike: Do the cadets have any Physical Training (PT) activities?

John: Of course, PT activities are organized every day. Sport helps the cadets to become skilled and well-trained officers of the Russian Armed Forces.

Mike: I see. But still (и всё-таки), why do you like tennis?

John: I think it is a very interesting sports game which improves your shape and trains your mind. Besides it is a good and pleasant way to get rid of stress or bad mood.

Mike: Ok, but as for me, there is nothing better than football. And now I have to go, the match is starting in half an hour! See you later!

John: See you! Bye!

Unit 5. THE MASS MEDIA

5.1. The British Press

Reading and Writing

1. Scan the text "The British Press" to get the full idea of it. Find the paragraphs about:

the characteristic features of quality press;

the purpose of the tabloid press;

the newspapers, reflecting different political opinions.

 

2. Find in the text the English equivalents to:

- с одной / другой стороны;

- сообщения об основных национальных и интернациональных событиях;

- больше развлекать читателя, чем информировать;

- являться собственностью правительства или политических партий;

- содержать больше материала для чтения, чем ежедневные газеты.

 

Read and translate the text for getting the detailed content.

The British Press

 

The British are one of the biggest newspaper-reading nations in the world. Probably in no other country are there such great differences between the various national daily newspapers1 – in the type of news they report and the way they report it.

On the one hand, there are the "quality" newspapers: "The Times", "The Independent", "The Guardian", "The Financial Times", and "The Daily Telegraph". These concern themselves with factual reports of major national and international events, with the world of politics and business and with the arts and sport.

On the other hand, there are "tabloids", so-called because of their smaller size. The tabloids – the most widely read of which are "The Daily Mail", "The Daily Express", "The Daily Mirror", "The Sun", and "The Daily Star" – concentrate on more emotive reporting of stories often featuring violence, the Royal family, film and pop stars, sport. It's often said that the popular press aims to entertain its readers rather than inform them. The tabloid press is much more popular than the quality press.



In some countries, newspapers are owned by government or by political parties. This is not the case in Britain2. Newspapers here are mostly owned by individuals or by publishing companies and the editors of the papers are usually allowed considerate freedom of expression. This is not to say that newspapers are without political bias. Papers like "The Daily Telegraph", "The Daily Express", for example, usually reflect conservative opinions in their comment and reporting, while "The Daily Mirror" and "The Guardian" have a more left-wing bias.

In addition to the twelve national daily newspapers there are nine national papers which are published on Sundays. Most of the "Sundays" contain more reading matter than daily papers, and several of them also include "colour supplements" – separate colour magazines which contain photographically illustrated feature articles. Reading a Sunday paper, like having a big Sunday lunch, is an important tradition in many British households.

Besides, nearly every area in Britain has one or more local newspapers.

_____________________________

1 Probably in no other country are there such great differences… – Вероятно, ни в одной другой стране нет таких больших различий… – случай стилистической инверсии, когда в повествовательном предложении нарушается установленный порядок слов (подлежащее, сказуемое, второстепенные члены) с целью эмфазы, т.е. логического выделения слова (сказуемого), усиления его значения.

2 This is not the case in Britain. В Британии дело обстоит не так.

 

Names:

"The Daily Mail" ['deili 'meil] – "Дейли мэйл" – ежедневная газета консервативного направления, основана в 1896; с 1917 является малоформатной газетой.

"The Daily Express" [,deili iks'pres] – "Дейли экспресс" – ежедневная газета правоконсервативного направления, основана в 1900 г.

"The Daily Mirror" [,deili 'mirə] – "Дейли мирро" – ежедневная малоформатная газета, рассчитанная на массового читателя; по некоторым вопросам поддерживает Лейбористскую партию.

"The Daily Star" [,deili 'sta:] – "Дейли стар" – ежедневная малоформатная газета, рассчитанная на массового читателя; печатает сенсационно-развлекательные материалы. Основана в 1978 г.

"The Daily Telegraph" [,deili 'teligra:f] – "Дейли телеграф" – ежедневная газета правоконсервативного направления.

"The Financial Times" [fai,nænfl 'taimz] – "Файнэншл таймс" – ежедневная финансово-экономическая газета консервативного направления, публикует материалы по внутриполитическим и международным вопросам; печатается на розовой бумаге.

"The Guardian" ['ga:djən] – "Гардиан" – ежедневная газета либерального направления, основана в 1821.

"The Independent" [,indi'pendənt] – "Индепендент" – независимая политическая газета.

"The Sun" [sΛn] – "Сан" – ежедневная газета бульварного толка. Издаётся в Лондоне, выходит с 1964 г.

"The Times" [taimz] – "Таймс" – ежедневная газета консервативного направления.

 

Vocabulary:

comment ['komənt] – комментарий

conservative [kən'sə:vətiv] – консервативный

considerate freedom [kən`si:d(ə)rət `fri:dəm] – значительная свобода

daily ['deili] – ежедневный

editor [`editə] – редактор

emotive [i'məutiv] reporting – эмоциональная подача материала

factual ['f æktjuəl] – фактический, основанный на фактах

feature article ['fi:t∫ə 'a:tikl] – большая статья в газете (посвящённая какой-л. одной теме), очерк

household ['haushəuld] – семья; люди, живущие в одном доме

in addition [ə`di∫n] to – кроме, помимо

individual [,indi'vidjuəl] – личность, частное лицо

it's often [ofn] said – часто говорят

left-wing bias [`left,wiŋ `baiəs] – "левые" пристрастия (полит.)

local [`ləuk(ə)l] – местный

on the one / other hand – с одной / другой стороны

"popular" [`popjulə] – газета для широкой публики

publishing company [`pΛbli∫iŋ `kΛmpəni] – издательство

"quality" newspapers [`kwoliti `njus,peipəz] – пресса "высокого качества" (для бизнесменов, политиков и т.д), газеты полного формата

reading matter – материал для чтения

"Sundays" – газеты, публикуемые по выходным

supplement ['sΛplimənt] – приложение

"tabloid" ['tæbloid] – малоформатная газета со сжатым текстом и большим количеством иллюстраций; бульварная пресса

to aim [eim] – стремиться

to allow [ə`lau] – позволять, разрешать, делать возможным, to be allowed – быть разрешённым

to concern [kən`sə:n] oneself with smth. – заниматься, интересоваться чем-л.

to concentrate ['konsəntreit] on smth. – сосредоточиваться на чём-л.

to entertain [`entətein] rather than inform – скорее развлекать, чем информировать

to feature ['fi:t∫ə] – помещать в газете

to own [əun] – владеть, to be owned by smb. – быть под управлением кого-л., во владении у кого-л.

to reflect [ri'flekt] – отражать

violence [`vaiələns] – насилие, жестокость

 

For self-examination

Answer the questions:

1. What UK "quality" newspapers do you know?

2. What does a term "tabloid" mean?

3. What UK "popular" newspapers do you know?

4. It's often said that the aim of the popular press is to entertain its readers rather than inform them. What kind of material do these newspapers concentrate on?

5. Are "quality" papers more popular than "tabloids"? Why?

6. In some countries newspapers are owned by government or by political parties. What about Britain?

7. What's the difference between daily newspapers and "Sundays"?

 

Fill in the blanks:

1. The _______ newspapers are "The Times", "The Independent", "The Guardian", "The Financial Times" and "The Daily Telegraph".

2. The most widely _______ are "The Daily Mail", "The Daily Express", "The Daily Mirror", "The Sun" and "The Daily Star".

3. The tabloid press is much more popular than the _______.

4. Newspapers here are mostly owned by _______ or by _______ companies.

5. Most of the _______ contain more reading matter than daily papers, and several of them also include "colour supplements".

6. Nearly every area in Britain has one or more _______.

 

Put the words in the correct order to make a sentence:

1) the, one of, British, are, the biggest, in, newspaper-reading, the, world, nations;

2) the, press, tabloid, is, popular, than, much more, the, press, quality;

3) mostly, owned, newspapers, are, by, individuals, by, companies, or, publishing;

4) every, nearly, area, has, local, newspapers, one or more, in, Britain.

 

4. Make up a plan (logical scheme) and then summarize the content of the text "The British Press" in writing.

 

5.2. The American Press

Reading and Writing

1. Scan the text "The American Press" to get the full idea of it. Find the paragraphs about:

- the most influential US newspapers;

- the peculiarities of US daily papers;

- the contents of the most US newspapers.

2. Find in the text the English equivalents to:

- в связи с обширной территорией США;

- хотя в США нет отдельных воскресных выпусков газет;

- помимо некоторых значимых исключений;

- в отличие от ежедневных газет.

 









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