Complete these sentences appropriately by adding possessive pronouns with or without own.
1) I left my car in the garage.
2) You must make up … mind.
3) Mary hung … coat on the peg.
4) The children had to cook … supper.
5) Jack had … hair cut.
6) Bill borrowed Jenny’s car. … car was being repaired.
7) I hope you enjoy … holiday.
8) I’ll bring … towels.
9) We’ll invite you round … house sometime.
10) Every dog had … special basket to sleep in.
11) The company has offices in many countries but … head office is in New York.
12) You should do … washing up.
13) I see that he has lost … pencil; perhaps you can lend him … .
14) Those seats are not …, they are … .
15) Does your father like … job?
16) Sally is married. … husband works in a bank.
17) We’re staying in a very good hotel. … room is very comfortable.
18) They’ve got two children but I don’t remember … names.
19) I’ve eaten all … sandwiches, can I have one of …?
20) Richard has a dog and so do I. … dog and … had a fight.
21) We are going to Paris to stay with a friend of … .
Replace the words in italics by possessive pronouns.
1) The mother told the mother’s little girl a story. – The mother told her little girl a story.
2) Tom rode Tom’s bicycle to school.
3) The little bird built the little bird’s nest in the tree.
4) Susan made a dress for Susan’s doll.
5) The teacher told Richard to bring Richard’s book to the desk.
6) Mr and Mrs Robinson have just come into Mr and Mrs Robinson’s house.
7) We have sold the motor-car that belonged to us.
8) The dog is in the basket that is the dog’s.
9) I want the book that belongs to me, not the book that belongs to you.
Make a correct choice.
1) Bob is one of (our, us, ours) best pupils.
2) It isn’t (my, mine) bag. I left (my, mine) at home.
3) Whose book is this? It’s (my, mine, me).
4) Is this Mary’s pen? No, it is (me, mine, my).
5) (You, your, yours) house is not far from (our, ours, us).
6) Whose cigarettes are these? They may be (our, ours) cigarettes.
7) (Our, ours) car is faster than (their, theirs).
8) A friend of (you, yours, your) came to see (we, us, ours).
9) You can do it without (mine, my, me) help but not without (they, their, theirs).
10) He couldn’t lend me the dictionary because it wasn’t (he, him, his).
11) She is writing a letter to a friend of (her, hers, she).
12) This suitcase isn’t (us, our, ours).
13) This isn’t (my, mine, me) car. (My, mine, me) is a 1980 model.
14) Could you help me sort out these things? I cannot say which are (you, your, yours) and which are (we, our, ours).
15) (Your, you, yours) ticket is on the table and where is (her, she, hers)?
16) Who told you about it? – A friend of (you, your, yours).
17) Paula had to drive (my, mine) car to work. (Her, hers) had a flat tyre.
18) Julia fell off (her, hers, him) bicycle and broke (him, hers, her) arm.
4.4. Make sentences with a friend of/ friends of.
You have a friend in Chicago. You wrote a letter to this person.
– I wrote a letter to a friend of mine in Chicago.
1) He/she has a friend in a city. He/she wrote a letter to this person.
2) You have a good friend in a city. You wrote a letter to this person.
3) Kate and Jill have friends in London. They visited them.
4) You have a good friend. You want to introduce me to this person.
5) You and I have a mutual friend. We ran into this person in the High Street.
6) You have a good friend. You met this person.
7) You have a friend. You invited this person to spend the weekend with your family.
8) Julia and David have some friends. They usually have dinner with these people.
4.5. Complete the sentences using my own/your own, etc.
1) I don’t want to share a room. I want to have my own room.
2) Why do you want to borrow my car? Why can’t you use … .
3) I don’t watch television with the rest of my family. I have … TV-set in my bedroom.
4) Jack and Bill are fed up with working for other people. They want to start … business.
5) Don’t blame me. It’s not my fault. It’s … .
6) Henry is extremely rich. He has … private jet.
7) Why do you want my pen? Can’t you use … .
8) My grandpa doesn’t buy ready-made cigarettes. He rolls … ones.
Fill in the gaps translating the pronouns.
1) (Их) family is not very large. – Their family is not very large.
2) Is this (ваша) book? – Yes, it’s (моя).
3) (Его) brother is younger than (мой).
4) These are (ее) problems.
5) (Все) (that) we need is love.
6) Where’s (ваш) teacher?
7) (Он) hasn’t got a camera.
8) Why can’t you give (ему) your pen?
9) The T-shirt isn’t (ее).
10) I don’t have (мою собственную) room.
11) I don’t like to play cards with John because (он) always wins.
12) I’ll go to the pictures with (тобой).
13) This girl lives in our house. I know (ее) quite well.
14) Show (ему) your new picture.
15) (Оба) my parents live in the country now.
16) (Все) I want is a home somewhere.
17) (Все мы) can do that.
4.1. Make new sentences using a friend of mine, etc.
1) I’m writing to one of my friends.
2) We met one of our relatives.
3) Henry borrowed one of my books.
4) We had dinner with one of our neighbours.
5) Tom invited one of his friends to his flat.
6) Ann is in love with one of her colleagues.
7) They went on holiday with two of their friends.
8) Jack had an argument with his parents.
9) One of her daughters is going to get married next week.
10) My partner has gone on business.
11) That policeman is our friend.
12) I met another Lucy’s boyfriend.
13) He’s the Queen’s cousin.
14) He watched her each gesture as if she was a stranger.
15) I saw my old friend yesterday.
16) She’s been my teacher for the past three years.
In the following story put possessive pronouns in the blank spaces and in place of the words in italics. Retell the story.
Dr Swift and the Boy
A wealthy old lady who lived near Dr Swift used to send him presents occasionally by (1) … servant. Dr Swift took (2) the lady’s presents but never gave the boy anything for (3) … trouble. One day as Swift was busy with (4) … writing, the boy rushed into (5) Swift’s room, knocked some books out of the (6) books’ place, threw (7) … parcel on the desk and said, «(8) … mistress has sent you two of (9) … rabbits.»
Swift turned round and said, «(10) … boy, that is not the way to deliver (11) … parcel. Now, you sit in (12) … armchair, watch (13) … way of doing it and learn (14)… lesson.»
The boy sat down. Swift went out, knocked on (15) Swift’s door and waited. The boy said, «Come in.» The doctor entered, walked to (16) … desk and said, «If you please sir, (17) … mistress sends (18) … kind regards and hopes you will accept these rabbits which (19) … son shot this morning in (20) … fields.»
The boy answered, «Thank you, (21) … boy. Give (22) … mistress and (23) … son (24) Dr Swift’s thanks for (25) … kindness and here is two shillings for yourself.» The Doctor laughed, and after that, Swift never forgot to give the boy (26) … tip.
Translate the sentences into English.
1) Его комнату так же тяжело убрать, как и твою.
2) Я стараюсь заботиться о своём здоровье.
3) Я вижу, что у вас нет своего собственного словаря. Я хочу дать вам свой.
4) Этот чемодан слишком тяжёл для меня, чтобы нести его самой.
5) Она очень любит рассказывать о своих детях.
6) Он отдал деньги своей жене, а она положила их в свою сумку.
7) Я не люблю клубнику со сливками. Они мне нравятся по отдельности.
8) Джек сел прямо и вытянул ноги.
9) Сэм и Джейн очень преданы своему другу.
10) Его взгляд встретился с моим.
11) Они отдыхали в санатории на берегу Чёрного моря и встретили много друзей своих родителей.
12) Она отправила детей в ванную, чтобы они вымыли лицо и руки.
13) Сегодня утром мне звонила по телефону одна из моих племянниц.
14) Сегодня я разговаривал с одним из лучших учеников моей тёти.
15) Она одна из моих соседок.
16) Моя подруга вчера порезала палец.
UNIT 5 REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
1.Reflexive pronouns end in ~self or ~selves, they may have singular and plural forms.
2.Reflexive pronouns are used when the subject and the object in a sentence refer to the same person: I saw myselfin the mirror. The men formed themselves in a line.
Verbs that describe actions that people do to themselves do not take reflexive pronouns in English: I usually shave before breakfast. She washed very quickly and rushed downstairs.
However, reflexives can be used if it is necessary to make it clear who does the action: The barber shaves all the people in the town who don’t shave themselves. She’s old enough now to dress herself.
Reflexive pronouns can be used as indirect objects: They were making fools of themselves. Tell me about yourself.
By + a reflexive pronoun = alone: Greg lives by himself.
By + a reflexive pronoun= without any help from other people:She was certain she could manage by herself.
Reflexive pronouns can be used for emphasis: I myself have never read this book. The town itselfwas so small that it didn’t have a bank.
E x e r c i s e s
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