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Упражнение 9. Употребите Present Simple или Present Continuous в значении будущего времени, в зависимости от обстоятельств.





G Если речь идёт о действии, которое произойдёт с большей степенью вероятности употребляетсяPresent Simple. Поезд прибудет через 2 часа; Выставка откроется через 2 недели
В тех случаях, когдастепень уверенности меньшеи нет необходимости подчеркивать обязательный характер действияча-сто употребляетсяPresent Continuous. Я сделаю доклад на следующем занятии

1. Hurry up! The concert … at 7 p.m.

a) is starting b) will start c) starts

2. What … you … on Saturday evening?

a) shall … do b) are … doing c) do … do

3. Mike … next month.

a) will get married b) gets married c) is getting married

4. Tomorrow morning train №92 … Perm at 12.50 a.m. local time.

a) leaves b) is leaving c) will leave

5. What time … you … tomorrow?

a) do … leave b) are … leaving c) shall … leave

6. The conference … on the 11-th of January.

a) opens b) will open c) is opening

7. I … a report at the next conference.

a) make b) will make c) am making

8. Jill … to Paris in two weeks.

a) was going b) goes c) is going

9. The bus … in half an hour.

a) will arrive b) is arriving c) arrives

10. When I get to London you'll be sleeping, \ you?

а) don't b) won't c) aren't

Упражнение 10. В придаточных предложениях времени (после союзовwhen, as soon as, after, before, unti) и условия (после союзовif, in case, unless) не употребляется будущее время.

Образец:Позвоните мне, перед тем,как вы пойдётетуда.

Give me a call beforeyou gothere.

А) Выберите правильный вариант:

1. I won’t leave before he … .

а) comes b) will come c) will be coming

2. He will speak to you as soon as he … free.

а) will be b) does c) is

3. You will feel better if you … a good rest.

а) take b) takes c) will take

4. Remember to send a telegram when you … to the library.

а) will go b) go c) goes

5. Helen will leave London before the festival … over.

а) is b) was c) will be

6. They won't be late for the meeting if they … a bus.

а) will take b) shall take c) take

В) Переведите слова в скобках:

1. We won’t go away (пока ты не расскажешь нам об этом).

2. I’ll let you know (как только получу от него письмо)

3. The children will go for a walk (если не будет холодно).

4. She will do it (если не будет занята).

5. We won’t have dinner (пока мама не придёт домой).

Упражнение 11. В колонке В найдите соответствия словам в колонке А.

Образец: when – когда

A B
1. when 1. пока не
2. as soon as 2. после того, как
3. before 3. если не
4. after 4. в случае, если
5. until 5. как только
6. if 6. до того, как
7. unless 7. если
8. in case 8. когда

Revision

Задание 1. Раскройте скобки и употребите глаголы в правильной форме в зависимости от обстоятельств.

Образец: A:What (you, do) do you doevery Friday?

B: I (come) cometo class.

1. A: What (you, do) … last Friday?

B: I (come) … to class.

2. A: What (you, do) … next Friday?

B: I (come) … to class.

3. A: What (you, do) … yesterday evening?

B: I (watch) … TV.

4. A: A: What (you, do) … tomorrow evening?

B: I (watch) … TV.

5. A: What (you, do) … right now?

B: I (do) … an exercise.

6. A: What (Maria do, do) … every morning?

B: She (go) … to work.

7. A: What (the students, do) … right now?

B: They (work) … on this exercise.

8. A: What (they, do) in class tomorrow?

B: They (take) … a test.

9. А. What (Boris, do) … last night)?

B: He (go) … to the movie.

10. A: What (the teacher, do) … every day at the beginning of class?

B: She (put) … her books on her desk, (look) … at the class, and (say) …"Good morning"’.

Задание 2. Выберите правильный вариант ответа в зависимости от обстоятельств.

1.They’ll be late for the train unless they … right now.



a) will leave c) won’t leave
b) don’t leave d) leave

2. It’s a nice day today. Mary and I … to take a long walk in the park.

a) will c) are going
b) won’t d) are

3. … he … to London tomorrow? Give him a call.

a) is … going c) will …be going
b) does … go d) shall… go

4. Please, hurry up! The London train … at 4.45.

a) will arrive c) is going to arrive
b) is arriving d) arrives

5. Don’t stand up. I … the door.

a) 'll open c) will have opened
b) am going to open d) is open

6. If it … tomorrow we’ll stay at home.

a) will rain c) rains
b) rained d) will be raining

7. When I … home, I’ll give you a call immediately.

a) came c) will come
b) come d) 'll come

8. Oh! The suitcase is very heavy. Nick … it for you.

a) is going to carry c) carries
b) is carrying d) will carry

Total: 20


Урок VI

Making comparisons

Степени сравнения прилагательных
Положительная Сравнительная Превосходная
(односложные)    
old older (than) the oldest (of all)
big bigger (than) the biggest (of all)
(с окончанием -y)    
pretty prettier (than) the prettiest (of all)
easy easier (than) the easiest (of all)
(многосложные)    
expensive more expensive (than) the most expensive (of all)
  less expensive (than) the least expensive (of all)
important more important (than) the most important (of all)
  less important (than) the least important (of all)
(нестандартные)    
good better the best
bad worse the worst
much more the most
little less the least
far farther / further the farthest / furthest

Упражнение 1. Поставьте следующие прилагательные в сравнительной и превосходной степени.

Образец: Comparative Superlative
long longer (than) the longest (of all)

 

1. small
2. heavy
3. comfortable
4. hard
5. difficult
6. easy
7. hot
8. cheap
9. interesting
10. pretty
11. strong
12. good
13. bad
14. far

Для сравнения людей и предметов употребляются различные слова и выражения:

the same as – такой же как: My cousin is the sameage as my brother.
similar to – похожий на: Triangular A is similar to triangular B.
different from – отличный от: Girls are different from boys.
like – как, подобно: Your book is like mine.
alike – одинаковый, похожий: Our books are alike.
as … as – такой же, как: Mary is as tall as her brother.
twice as … as – в два раза больше, чем: This watch is twice as expensive as that one.
but – такой же: Boxes aren’t round, but balls are

REVISION

Задание 1. Выберите правильный вариант ответа.

1. You are not very tall. Your brother is …

a) as tall as c) more tall
b) taller d) tallest

2. Jill’s idea isn’t very good. My idea was …

a) best c) better
b) more good d) as good as

3. Рeople today aren’t very polite. In the past they were …

a) less polite c) more polite
b) most polite d) not so polite

4. Belgium is smaller … Portugal.

a) then c) than
b) as d) as much as

5. It was a very happy day. It was … of my life.

a) as happy as c) the happiest
b) happier d) happiest

6. Line B is … of all.

a) as long as c) very long
b) longer d) longest

7. Line C is as short … line B.

a) then c) than
b) that d) as

8. Line B is the longest … all.

a) from c) than
b) then d) of

9. Our house is … hospital. Everyone is ill.

a) as c) like
b) similar d) alike

10. I like winter … summer.

a) more then c) as much as
b) better d) as much than

11. The … the house the cheaper it is.

a) small c) smaller
b) as small as d) smallest

12. They don’t like cats, … we do.

a) as much c) more
b) than d) but

13. You and I have similar hats. In other words, your hat is … mine.

a) prettier than c) similar from
b) similar to d) alike.

14. Mary and Nelly have similar coats. In other words, their coats are …

a) alike c) different
b) similar to d) like

15. A motorcycle and a bicycle are not the same. A motorbike is … a bike.

a) similar to c) alike
b) different from d) like.

Задание 2. Найдите и исправьте ошибки.

1. My brother is the same tall as my cousin.

2. A blue whale is more large from an elephant.

3. A dog is less small as a wolf.

4. Your handwriting is more better than mine.

5. Robert and Mary aren’t same age. Robert is more young than Mary.

6. A lake isn’t as deep than an ocean.

7. Maria and Rita come from same country.

8. Dogs are similar with wolves.

9. Cats are different to tigers.

10. Our ballpoint pens are like.

Total: 25.

Урок VII

Adjectives and Adverbs

Имя прилагательное (adjective)обозначает признак предмета и выполняет функцию определения существительного, тогда как Наречие (adverb) указывает на признак действия или на различные обстоятельства, при которых протекает действие. Наречие относится к глаголу и показывает как, где, когда и т. п. совершается действие.

  Adjective Adverb
а) Ann is a carefuldriver careful carefully
b) Ann drives carefully. slow slowly
  quick quickly
  easy easily

В а) прилагательноеcareful характеризует существительное driver; в b ) наречие carefullyхарактеризует действие глагола drives. Большинство наречий образуются с помощью суффикса -ly. Однако некоторые наречия совпадают по форме с прилагательными.

  Adjective Adverb
John is a fast driver. fast fast
John drives fast. hard hard
  early early
  late late
Но: good well

Упражнение 1. В следующих предложениях выберите правильный вариант.

Образец:1. quiet, quietly : My hometown is small and quiet.

2. quiet, quietly: I didn’t hear Mr. Wilson. He spoke

Quietly.

1. clear, clearly: Anna pronounces every word ….

2. clear, clearly: We like to go boating in … weather.

3. careless, carelessly: Boris makes a lot of mistakes when he writes. He’s a … writer.

4. careless, carelessly: Boris writes … .

5. easy, easily: I answered the teacher’s question … .

6. easy, easily: The teacher asked an … question.

7. good, well: You speak English very … .

8. good, well: Your English is very … .

Упражнение 2. Употребите слова, данные слева, в правильной форме (прилагательного или наречия):

1. correct: Lena gave the … answer to the question.

2. correct: She answered the question … .

3. fast: Mike is a … reader.

4. quick: Mike reads … .

5. fast: Mike reads … .

6. hard: I study … .

7. hard: The students took a … test.

8. slow: Jenny and Phil walked through the park … .

9. careless: I made some … mistakes in my last test.

10. early: Last night we had dinner … because we had to leave for the theatre at 6 p.m.

11. early: We had an …– dinner last night.

12. good: Jake has bad eyesight. He can’t see … without his glasses.

13. good: David is kind, generous and thoughtful. He is a … person.

14. easy: This is an … exercise.

15. late: I paid my telephone bill ….

Revision

Задание. Заполните пропуски словами справа в правильной форме.

Some scientists think the greenhouse effect will make the world (1 – …). Areas near the coasts will be (2 (1 – hot). (2 – cloudy) (3 – wet) (4 – much)
– …) and (3 – …). There will be (4 – …) storms.
Inland areas will have a little (5 – …) rain, but
because the temperature will be (6 – …), they will be (7 – …). Sea levels will rise. They have already risen by 15 cm since 1880. Maybe they will rise another 30 cm before 2030. But clouds reflect sunlight back into space, and maybe more clouds will make the earth (8 – …) again. Is the world’s (climate (9 – …)? We (10 – …). (5 – much) (6 – high) (7 – dry) (8 – cool) (9 – change) (10 – know, not)

Total: 10


Урок VIII

The Present Perfect









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