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Topic 8: Pastimes and Hobbies





Read and translate the text:

Traveling

Almost all people like to spend their holidays traveling. They travel to see other countries and continents, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns, they travel to enjoy of ancient towns, they travel to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change of scene.

City dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea, or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and bathe and laze in the sun.

If we are fond of traveling we see and learn a lot of things that we can never see or learn at home, though we read about them in books and newspapers and see pictures of them on TV.

All means of travel have their advantages and disadvantages. And people choose one according to their plans and destinations. Different people prefer different means of traveling. Some people like to climb the mountains, others like to go by train with all modern accommodations and without peculiar adventures. However which ever tourism a man would like, any change of place and new impressions are useful. They prevent a man from getting old.

Nowadays traveling has become a highly organized business. But there are some difficulties. If you want to see the beauty of the countryside you have to go hiking. It is traveling for pleasure. You don't think about ticket, don't hurry up. You'll be pitching a tent and building an open fire and breathing in the fresh mountain air and enjoying picturesque surroundings. I think you'll enjoy every moment of this journey if you are not a comfort-lover.

There is no travel so fine as by ship. It is the most exciting experience to feel the deck of the ship under your feet, to match the waves rising and falling, to feel the fresh sea wind blowing in your face.

It is a great saving of time traveling by air. You'll have speed, comfort and pleasure combined. When you get into the train you feel that holidays have really begun. You can see a lot by traveling in a train. But when the season is in full swing trains are usually crowded. So as they say "Tastes differ".

Answer the questions:

1. Are you fond of traveling?

2. Why do people take a camera with them?

3. What do we see and learn while traveling?

4. How do different people spend their holidays?

5. What means of travel do you know?

6. What places have you visited?

7. What countries would you like to visit?

Vocabulary:

a deck палуба

to travel by ship путешествовать на корабле

a flight полет, рейс

to save time экономить время

to enjoy picturesque surroundings наслаждаться живописными окрестностями

to pitch a tent поставить палатку

to build an open fire развести костер

ruins руины

ancient древний

change of scene перемена обстановки

city-dweller горожанин

advantage преимущество

disadvantage недостаток

destination место назначения



Customs House таможня

duty-free без обложения таможенными пошлинами

currency exchange office пункт обмена валюты

border граница

go through the customs пройти таможенный досмотр

stay at the hotel остановиться, жить в гостинице

receptionist администратор

check in зарегистрироваться

book tickets купить билеты (заранее)

journey путешествие, поездка (длительная)

make a journey совершить путешествие

trip путешествие (короткое)

cruise морской круиз

voyage путешествие (по морю, воздуху)

hike (hiking trip) пешеходный поход

hitch-hike путешествовать автостопом

a ticket for a train, a plain билет на поезд, самолет

departure(s) отправление

arrival(s) прибытие

leave on the dot/on time отправляться по расписанию

keep to schedule идти по расписанию

catch the train, plane успеть на поезд, самолет

get off/to alight from сойти с

travel agency (tourist agency) бюро путешествий

hand luggage (baggage) ручной багаж

boarding посадка

booking office билетная касса

reserved booking предварительный заказ

suit case чемодан

left-luggage office камера хранения

lost property office бюро находок

to produce tickets предъявить билеты

porter носильщик

to see smb off провожать кого-либо

send off проводы

fellow-passenger попутчик

Read the dialogues and act them out:

1.

- Hi, Mary. Hi, Bill!

- Hello, how are you?

- Fine, thanks, how was your trip?

- It was great. We had a wonderful time.

- Where did you go?

- Well, we flew to Paris, where we did everything the tourists usually do. We walked a lot by the river...

- And the weather was sunny...

- Great!

- And we visited the museums and galleries, and the Eiffel Tower...

- And did some shopping.

- Yes, we did some shopping.

- No, you did some shopping.

- OK, OK. I did a lot of shopping.

- Then we went to Venice, where we met some New Yorkers, and we did a lot of sightseeing with them.

- We had a nice time together.

- Then we went to Vienna.

- I've always wanted to go to Vienna.

- And we found a cheap hotel and what did we do there?

- We went to the Opera. It was wonderful. So romantic. And then we went to Budapest.

- Yeah, and Mary bought some souvenirs, while I had a steam bath. It was great.

- Except you lost your wallet.

- Yes, I lost my wallet, but someone found it and luckily it had the name of my hotel in it and I got it back.

- Isn't that great?

- Amazing.

- And then we flew back to Paris, and then flew home.

- Well, welcome home!

- Thank you.

2.

- Can I help you?

- Yes, I'd like a ticket to Birmingham.

- When do you want to travel? It's cheaper after 9.30.

- I'll travel after 9.30.

- Single or return?

- I'll have a single ticket, please.

- That's be thirty pounds exactly. How would you like to pay?

- Do you accept credit cards?

- I'm afraid not.

- Well, I'll pay cash, then. Will there be refreshments on the train.

- Yes, there will.

- Can I have a ticket for the car park as well?

- Thank you.

Translate into English:

1. Многие люди любят путешествовать.

2. Проводя свой отпуск в путешествиях, люди видят разные страны и континенты.

3. Люди путешествуют, чтобы увидеть новые живописные места, познакомиться с новыми людьми, попробовать национальную еду или просто ради смены обстановки.

4. Сельские жители предпочитают проводить время в больших городах - посещать музеи и обедать в экзотических ресторанах.

5. Мне нужно два билета на поезд до Ливерпуля.

6. Спальный вагон, пожалуйста. Вам билеты туда и обратно? Это будет стоить 5 рублей.

7. В плохую погоду я предпочитаю быть на палубе, а не в каюте.

8. Нам пришлось провести много времени в аэропорту.

9. Мы добрались домой очень поздно.

10. Путешественники выбирают тот или иной способ путешествия в зависимости от их преимуществ и недостатков, места назначения и своих планов.

Hobbies

Read and translate the text:

Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes more interesting.

Hobbies are divided into four large classes : doing things, making thinks, collecting things and learning things.

The most popular of all hobby group is doing things. It includes a wide variety of activities, everything from gardening to traveling and from chess to volleyball.

Gardening is one of the oldest of man's hobbies. It is a well-known fact that the English are very fond of gardening and growing flowers, especially roses.

Both grown-ups and children are fond of playing different computer games. this is a relatively new hobby but it is becoming more and more popular.

Making things includes drawing, painting, making sculpture, designing costumes, handicrafts. Two of the most famous hobby painters were President Eisenhower and Sir Winston Churchill. Some hobbyists write music or play musical instruments. President Bill Clinton, for example, plays the saxophone.

Almost everyone collects something at some period in his life: stamps, coins, match-boxes, records, postcards, toys, watches. Some collections have no real value. Others become so large and so valuable that they are housed in museums and galleries. many world-famous collections started in a small way with one or two items. People with a good deal of money often collect paintings, rare books and other art objects. Often such private collections are given to museums, libraries and public galleries so that others might take pleasure in seeing them.

No matter what kind of hobby a person has, he always has the opportunity of learning from it. By reading about the things he is interested in, he is adding to what he knows. Learning things can be the most exciting aspect of a hobby.

Answer the questions:

1. Tastes differ. Can you say the same about hobbies?

2. Have you chosen a hobby according to your character and taste?

3. Which hobby groups do you know?

4. The most popular hobby group is doing things, isn't it?

5. What do you know about gardening?

6. Do you like computer games?

7. Are you fond of making things?

8. Do you know any hobbies of the famous people?

9. Have you ever collected anything?

10. What can be collected?

Vocabulary:

character характер

taste вкус

according по, согласно

to include включать

variety разнообразие

activity занятие

gardening садоводство

grown-up взрослый

computer games компьютерные игры

relatively относительно, сравнительно

drawing рисование

painting живопись

sculpture скульптура

to make sculpture заниматься скульптурой

handicraft рукоделие, ремесло

hobbyist любитель

saxophone саксофон

to collect собирать

stamp марка

coin монета

matchbox спичечный коробок

record пластинка

postcard почтовая открытка

value ценность

valuable ценный

to house помещать, размещать

in a small way понемногу

item предмет

a good deal много

rare редкий

private частный

to take pleasure in получать удовольствие от

opportunity возможность

to add добавлять

exciting увлекательный

aspect сторона, аспект

hobby-painter художник-любитель

pastime время провождение

to subdivided into подразделяться на

to have no real value не иметь реальной ценности

a world-famous всемирно известный

an art object предмет искусства

Translate into English:

1. Хобби - это времяпровождение, которое человек выбирает по своему вкусу.

2. Четыре класса, на которые подразделяются хобби - это делать что-то, создавать что-то, собирать что-то и узнавать что-либо новое.

3. Люди, имеющие хобби создавать что-то, рисуют, создают скульптуру, костюмы и т.д.

4. Коллекции могут не иметь реальной ценности.

5. Коллекции картин, редких книг и других предметов искусства могут быть настольно ценными, что их размещают в музеях и художественных галереях.

6. Люди получают радость, осматривая коллекции, переданные в музеи.

7. Возможность узнавать новое - это самая увлекательная сторона хобби.









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