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Exercise 6.3.1. Write the Past Participles of the following verbs.

1. eat 6. iron 11. arrive 16. break

2. sleep 7. clean 12. put 17. make

3. open 8. take 13. leave 18. run

4. find 9. swim 14. drink 19. buy

5. give 10. write 15. talk 20. have


Exercise 6.3.2. Complete these sentences using the verbs in brackets in the correct tense(Present Continuous or Present Perfect).

1. What ___ you (to talk) about? 2. We __ just (to talk) about it. 3. He __ just (to say) something about it. 4. She __ (to tell) them some interesting story. 5. He __ (to tell) us nothing about it. 6. She ___ (to tell) them a story about a famous scientists. 7. We __ (to have) two lessons and a lecture today.
8. They __ (to have) a meeting. 9. She __ not (to speak) yet. 10. They __ (to ask) me several questions. 11. He __ already (to learn) the rule. 12. I __ (to write) an exercise. 13. What __ he (to do)? – He __ (to read) a scientific magazine.
14. __ you (to read) any stories by Jack London? 15. What __ you (to do)
here? – I __ (to write) a letter to my friend. 16. Who __ (to write) this article?
17. What language __ you (to study)? 18. We __ already (to learn) a lot of English words. 19. What __ she (to teach) them? 20. Who __ (to teach) you to do it?


Exercise 6.3.3. Put the verbs in brackets intoPresent PerfectorPast Simple.

1. We (to travel) around Europe last year. 2. My friend knows so much because he (to travel) a lot. 3. I (to see) Pete today. 4. She (to see) this film last Sunday. 5. Alex (to meet) his friend two hours ago. 6. I just (to meet) our teacher. 7. The students already (to decide) where they want to work after the graduation. 8. Yesterday they (to decide) to stay at the hotel. 9. Helen speaks French so well because she (to live) in France. 10. I (not / finish) my homework yet. 11. The rain (to stop) and the sun are shining in the sky again. 12. The rain (to stop) half an hour ago. 13. I (to buy) a pair of gloves yesterday. 14. The weather (to change), and we can go for a walk. 15. They (move) to London two years ago.


Exercise 6.3.4. Put the verbs in brackets intoPast Simple, Past Continuousor Past Perfect.

1. By six o'clock Nick (to come) home and at six he (to have) dinner. 2. By nine o'clock yesterday grandmother (to wash) the dishes and at nine she (to watch) TV. 3. When I (to meet) Tom, he (to eat) an ice-cream which he (to buy) at the corner of the street. 4. When I (to come) home, my sister (to read) a book which she (to bring) from the library. 5. When the teacher (to come) in the classroom, the students were already standing. 6. When I (to look) out of the window, I saw that some students (to play) football, the others (to watch) them. 7. When
I (to see) Ann, she (to sort) the flowers which she (to pick) in the field. 8. When I (to come) home yesterday, I (to see) that my little brother (to break) my aircraft model and (to play) with its pieces. 9. When I (to open) the door of the classroom,
I (to see) that the teacher already (to come) and the students (to write) a lecture.


Exercise 6.3.5. Put the verbs in brackets intoPresent Perfect, Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple or Past Continuous.

1. They (to go) to the Hermitage last week. 2. They (to be) to the Hermitage twice this week. 3. After the study school yesterday he (to come) home, (to have) dinner, (to read) an article from the latest magazine. 4. When your friend (to return) from the south? – She (to return) yesterday. – You (to go) to the station to meet her? – No, I (to be) too busy. 5. With whom you (to discuss) this question yesterday? 6. I (to see) this film this week. I like it very much.
7. When I (to enter) the kitchen, I (to see) that my mother (to stand) at the table and (to cut) some cabbage. She (to cook) dinner. 8. As soon as I (to see) him,
I (to understand) that he (to work) hard. He (to write) something and (not to notice) anything. 9. When the young man (to enter) the room, she (to look) at him in surprise. "What you (to want) to tell me?" she (to say). "Why you (to come)?" 10. It (to rain) hard when I (to leave) home yesterday, so I (to return), (to put) on my raincoat and (to start) again.


Exercise 6.3.6. Put the verbs in brackets intoFuture Simple, Future Continuous or Future Perfect.

1. I (to prepare) my report tomorrow. 2. I (to prepare) my report at 6 p.m. tomorrow. 3. I (to prepare) my report by 6 p.m. tomorrow. 4. When I come home tomorrow, my family (to have) supper. 5. When you come to my place tomorrow, I (to read) your book. 6. Don't come to my place tomorrow.
I (to write) a composition the whole evening. 7. I (not to go) to the cinema
tomorrow. I (to watch) TV the whole evening. 8. What you (to do) tomorrow?
9. You (to play) volleyball tomorrow? 10. You (to do) this work by next Sunday? 11. When you (to go) to see your friend next time? 12. How many pages you (to read) by 5 p.m. tomorrow? 13. Tomorrow I (to start) writing the answer to your letter as soon as I come from my study. 14. I (to do) the washing up from 3 till 3.30 p.m.


6.4. Passive Voice

Exercise 6.4.1. Rewrite these sentences using the Passive Voice.

Example: Mother waters the flowers in the evening. – The flowers are watered in the evening. (by a mother)

1. The workers will paint the roof of the house. 2. The mechanics repaired the car. 3. The student made a report. 4. The teacher is giving the assignment.
5. Max will translate the article tomorrow. 6. They will send him a letter. 7. The boy followed his mother. 8. In summer I often drive a motorbike. 9. Ivan Susanin led the Poles into the thickest part of the forest. 10. The waves carried the boat away. 11. We shall do the translation in the evening. 12. You promised me these books long ago. 13. The explorers gave the newspaper reporters a long interview. 14. Mr. Wilson will teach you English.

Exercise 6.4.2. Rewrite these sentences using the Passive Voice.

1. We received this letter after his departure. 2. Have the dogs ever attacked you? 3. The boy carries a heavy bag. 4. The storm prevented the aircraft from flying. 5. Who discovered the structure of atom? 6. They are selling delicious fruit there now. 7. The old man told us about the war-time. 8. They offered her some interesting work. 9. The doctor prescribed her new medicine. 10. They often speak about it. 11. Everybody laughed at this funny joke. 12. We have been looking for you the whole morning. 13. We shall insist on strict discipline. 14. They teach three foreign languages at this University.


Exercise 6.4.3. Put the verbs in brackets into Passive Voice.

1. The letter (to receive) yesterday. 2. Nick (to send) to Moscow next week. 3. I (to ask) a question at the lesson yesterday. 4. I (to give) a very interes-
ting book at the library last Friday. 5. Many houses (to build) in our town every year. 6. This work (to do) tomorrow. 7. This text (to translate) at the last lesson. 8. These trees (to plant) last autumn. 9. Many interesting facts always (to tell) at the lessons on regional geography. 10. We (to invite) to a concert last Saturday. 11. My question (to answer) yesterday. 12. Hockey (to play) in winter.
13. Many houses (to burn) during the Great Fire of London. 14. His new book (to finish) next year. 15. St. Petersburg (to found) in 1703.


Exercise 6.4.4. Rewrite the sentences using the Passive Voice.

1. I bought some potatoes yesterday. 2. We shall bring the books back to the library tomorrow. 3. They are repairing the clock now. 4. They sell shoes in this shop. 5. I have translated the whole text. 6. They broke the window last week. 7. When I came home, children had eaten all the sweets. 8. We shall do this work in the evening. 9. This author wrote this book in the 19th century.
10. They were playing tennis from four till five. 11. At 2 p.m. the workers were loading the trucks. 12. By 3 p.m. the workers had finished loading. 13. They will show this film on TV soon. 14. They are building a new concert-hall in our street. 15. Scientists have made a number of important experiments in this laboratory.


Exercise 6.4.5. Rewrite the sentences using the Active Voice. Add the appropriate subject.

1. This mountain has never been climbed before. 2. Why have these cups been put here in this cupboard? 3. Nick was told to go home at once. 4. Invitations have been sent to all the old pupils to be present at the military school's anniversary. 5. The work was finished in time. 6. The child is taken care of carefully. 7. What museums were visited by you last year? 8. Have your compositions been handed in? 9. What has been said is true. 10. After the facts had been thoroughly (тщательно, подробно) explained to her, she no longer felt worried. 11. The Greeks were attacked by the Persians from the sea. 12. This regulation must be read by every student. 13. This film can be seen at the cinema only. 14. Spartan children were taught by their parents to endure all hardships (выдерживать, преодолевать все трудности). 15. Which article was translated by your yesterday?


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