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Exercise 6.4.6. Choose the correct item.

1. The day before yesterday we (invite) to the restaurant by Tom Jenkins.

a) are invited b) were invited c) invite


2. Look! The bridge (repair).

a) is being repaired b) is been repaired c) has been repaired


3. The letter and the parcel (post) tomorrow.

a) will be post b) will have been posted c) will be posted


4. In Greece the Olympic Games (hold) once in four years.

a) were held b) are being held c) are held


5. The problem (study) for three years, but they haven’t got any results.

a) has been studied b) has being studied c) was studied


6. This book (republish) by the end of September.

a) would be republished b) will have been republished c) will been republished


7. A police car came when the injured man (carry off) the road.

a) was being carried off b) was been carrying off c) has been carried off


8. I (bear) in a small Russian town not far from Samara.

a) was borne b) am born c) was born

9. Dad phoned us and asked if our luggage (already / pack).

a) was already being packed b) had already been packed c) was packed


10. What a pity, John won’t come. He (tell) about the meeting beforehand.

a) should have been told b) should be told c) should been told

Exercise 6.4.7. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb in brackets.

The Tower of London


The tower of London ___ (build) by William the Conqueror in 1078 as a castle and palace. Since that time it ___ (extand) to its present size, and (use) as an armoury, a zoo, a royal mint, a prison, and a museum. At the time when it was a prison a lot of people ___ (lock) in the Tower for their religious beliefs or suspected treason. Anne Boleyn, Sir Walter Raleigh and Elizabeth the First ___ (shut up) there, too. Spies ___ (imprison) in the Tower during both World Wars. Some of the prisoners ___ (allow) to walk in the grounds, live in comfortable rooms and receive visitors. Many convicted ___ (publicly / execute) on Tower Hill. They ___ (behead) with the block and axe, which ___ (keep) in it. Saint Edward’s Crown, the Imperial State Crown, and the royal scepter ___ (guard) there. Saint Edward’s Crown ___ (use) for the coronation ceremonies. 3000 precious jewels ___ (contain) in the Imperial State Crown. In 1671 a daring attempt ___ (make) to steal the Crown Jewels by a man named Captain Blood.

6.5. Modal Verbs

Exercise 6.5.1. Fill in the blanks with "may / might"or "can / could" and make all necessary changes.

1. You ___ (warn) me about it beforehand. 2. The weather is changing.
It ___ (start) raining. 3. This weapons ___ (be used) against enemy aircraft on the ground. 4. He ___ (not hear) your name. That's why he did not say anything. 5. She ___ (not notice) us. We were standing too far away. 6. ___ I use your name in my report? 7. She ___ (not hear) the news, that's why she looks as if nothing had happened. 8. The professor says that I ___ (rewrite) the research. 9. ___ I use your phone? 10. He ___ (help) them when they were in trouble.
11. ___ he (say) it? No, it's not like him. He is a man of few words (немногословный человек).

Exercise 6.5.2. Translate into English using "be able to".

1. Ты сможешь сделать эту работу завтра? 2. Я думаю, он не сумеет решить эту задачу (to accomplish this task). 3. Завтра я буду свободен и смогу помочь тебе. 4. Мы сможем поехать в Нью-Йорк в будущем году? 5. Ты сможешь починить мой магнитофон? 6. Вчера я не смог увидеть полковника Петрова, так как он был в командировке, но сегодня я смогу это сделать. 7. Я думаю, что смогу перевести этот текст без словаря.

Exercise 6.5.3. Fill in the gaps with "mustn’t" or "needn’t".

A teacher is speaking to his students before a test:

"You are going to have a test today. Your test papers are on your desks. You ___ begin until I tell you. You ___ hurry; you have plenty of time. You ___ speak during the test. You ___ copy your friends’ work and you ___ open any of your books. You ___ write in pen; if you prefer you can write in pencil. You ___ stay when you’ve finished; you can leave if you want to, but you ___ be noisy. When you leave you ___ wait for your friends outside the classroom. Wait outside the building! Finally, I wish you all good luck. You can begin now!"


Exercise 6.5.4. Fill in the blanks with modals "tо have to" or"to be to".

1. Where ___ the lecture to take place? – I suppose in the classroom
№ 131. 2. So, our plan is as follows: I __ to go to the library and bring the books. You __ to look through all the material here. Later we __ to work together.
3. "You __ to do it alone, without anybody's help", – said the teacher. 4. I __ to help my friends with this work now. 5. It was raining hard and we __ to wait until it stopped raining. 6. I __ to ask him about it tomorrow, as today he has already gone. 7. According to the order of the commander all the cadets __ to return the books into the library before the twenty-third of May. 8. As we had agreed before, we __ to meet at two o'clock to go to the stadium together.
9. The field training __ to begin tomorrow at 5 p.m. Don't be late.


Exercise 6.5.5. Paraphrase, using the modal verb "need".

Example: It is not necessary to go there. – You need not gothere.

1. There was no necessity for her to do it herself. 2. There is no reason for you to worry. 3. There is no need for you to be present. 4. Why did you mention all these numbers? It wasn’t necessary for you. 5. It was not necessary for you to remind me about his birthday. I remember the date very well. 6. It was not necessary for her to cook this enormous dinner: there were only two of us. 7. It is not necessary to take the six-thirty. A later train will do as well.

Exercise 6.5.6. Rewrite the sentences using the words given in brackets.

1. It isn’t necessary to buy a ticket (need). 2. I advise him to be more careful (ought). 3. He couldn’t swim when he was five (able). 4. It’s possible that he will win the race (might). 5. You are not allowed to play in their garden (mustn’t). 6. It wasn’t necessary for them to repair the car (need). 7. It’s not possible for you to eat so much (can’t). 8. Do you want me to open the window (shall)? 9. It’s just possible she’s still at work (could). 10. Do you want me to help you with that (would)? 11. I don’t think she is the woman who spoke to me (can’t). 12. We don’t have to go shopping with Mum (needn’t). 13. Is it really possible that she’s 50 years old (can)? 14. It would be a good idea to tell him the truth (better). 15. I advise you to study harder (should).


Exercise 6.5.7. Choose the correct item.

1. You will ___ speak Spanish in another few months.

a) can b) have c) be able to d) ought

2. I’d like ___ skate.

a) to can b) to be able to c) to have to d) could


3. Nobody answers the phone. They ___ be out.

a) should b) would c) can d) must

4. I’m sorry, I ___ have phoned to tell you I was coming.

a) should to b) ought to c) had to d) could

5. To my mind, the government ___ take care of old people.

a) ought b) need to c) must d) may


6. I ___ get up early on Mondays.

a) am able b) have to c) must d) may


7. The policeman told the woman she ___ worry.

a) needn’t b) needn’t to c) couldn’t d) mustn’t


8. ___ you mind passing me the salt?

a) will b) should c) could d) would


9. As ___ remember, I was always interested in scientific experiments.

a) may b) have to c) must d) ought to


10. Little children like books with large print. They ___ read them more easily.

a) should b) must c) can d) have to


Sequence of Tenses

Exercise 7.1. Rewrite these sentences using the Past Tense.

1. My uncle says he has just come back from the Caucasus. 2. He says he has spent two months to build the house. 3. He says it did him a lot of good.
4. She says she feels better now. 5. He says his wife and he are spending most of their time on the beach this week. 6. He says they did a lot of sightseeing.
7. He says he has bought a good camera. 8. He says he took many photographs while travelling in the Caucasus. 9. He says he will come to see us next Sunday. 10. He says he is busy now.


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