Выполнение работы над ошибками
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При получении проверенной контрольной работы необходимо проанализировать отмеченные ошибки. Все задания, в которых были сделаны ошибки или допущены неточности, следует еще раз выполнить в конце данной контрольной работы. Контрольные работы являются учебными документами, которые хранятся на кафедре до конца учебного года. При подведении рейтинга учитываются результаты выполненных контрольных работ.
I. Match the words with the definitions.
1) customer a) the business of making goods in large quantities in a
2) competitor b) a person or company that supplies goods to shops
3) distributor c) a person or a company that buys goods or services
4) manufacturing d) what a company produces
5) output e) another company which sells the same products or
6) merger f) amount the bank will pay customers on their deposits
7) interest rate g) money kept in the bank to earn interest
8) savings h) when the companies combine to form one new
II. Complete each sentence with a word from the box.
1. Many European countries now have the same ……., the euro.
2. My wages are not very good, so I do a lot of …….
3. You employ an advertising …… to create a product image.
4. Nearly 40% of everything I earn goes to the government as……
5. When I retire, my ….... will be 60% of my final salary.
6. If you want to know what people think about a product, you do some market…….
7. One recent advertising ……. lasted for over a year.
8. Our ……. are the best trained in the country.
III. These are confused pairs of words. Choose the correct alternative for each sentence.
1. ECONOMIC / ECONOMICAL
a) Prices are rising and the number of jobs is falling. It's not just a business
problem, it's a general …………problem.
b) This car uses less petrol than the other one so this one is the more …………
2. PRODUCTION / PRODUCTIVITY
a) We will increase pay if the employees raise their …………
b) If we don't get another order soon, we'll have to cut ………… and maybe
close a factory.
3. SALARY / WAGE
a) We pay a monthly………..by cheque to our white collar staff.
b) We pay a weekly………..in cash to our part-time blue-collar staff.
4. EMPLOYERS / EMPLOYEES
a) ………… are people who are employed by companies.
b) ………… are people who give jobs to others.
IV. a) КОПР № 3, 4
B) Choose the correct option a-c to complete the sentences.
1. General Motors........the world's biggest car company for nearly 40 years.
a) was b) has been c) is
2. I..............to a trade fair until I went to the one in Las Vegas last month.
a) had never been b) never been c) have never been
3. We.......on this project for a month before we found a fundamental flaw.
a) have been working b) had worked c) had been working
4. He was dismissed even though, in his opinion, he......anything wrong.
a) had done b) hadn't done c) hasn't done
5. By the time I'm 50, I.........a million dollars.
a) will make b) would make c) will have made
6. He...........as a tourist guide for ten years.
a) has been working b) worked c) was working
7. The price of petrol....... down since last April.
a) has gone b) has been going c) had gone
8. By the end of the month I.........this project.
a) will finish b) will have finished c) finish
V. Rewrite the sentences in the passive.
1. The secretary is writing the letter.
The letter........by the secretary.
a) is written b) is being written
2. They were interviewing her for the job.
She...........for the job.
а) was being interviewed b) was interviewed
3. Everyone understands English.
a) is understood b) was understood
4. The employees brought up this issue during the meeting.
This issue...............by the employees during the meeting.
a) is brought up b) was brought up
5. We will deliver the goods immediately.
a) will be delivered b) will delivered
VI. a) КОПР № 1
b) Complete each sentence with a verb in the correct form, - ing or to...
1. I don't mind........ my coworkers with their assignments.
a) helping b) to help
2. When I was younger, I didn't like.........presentations, but now I don't mind public speaking.
a) to give b) giving
3. Could you keep........on the report while I make some phone calls?
a) to work b) working
4. After hours of negotiating, we managed........an agreement.
a) to reach b) reaching
5. I prefer.......remotely.
a) to work b) working
6. We should finish......... the software before giving it to users.
a) testing b) to test
VII. Translate the sentences from English into Russian.
1. The market where employers buy workers' service for wages is called the labour
2. One of the trade-offs we have to make in our lives is to find the right balance
between work time and leisure time.
3. Natural limits such as sleep and rest bring down the possible number of
working hours. We need some time to switch off from work, which also decreases
4. If the hourly rate increases, people want to work longer hours. This is called
the substitution effect. But the effect also has a limit.
A. Read this text.
1. The word “auction” is derived from the Latin augere which means “to increase” or “augment”. In an auction each consumer makes a bid for the product, and the highest bid wins. The exact date and time that auctions were first organized is not exactly known. Historians agree on one thing - auctions have been around for a very long time.
2. In the 5th century, the Greeks held auctions to sell women for the purpose of marriage. The Romans were the first to organize sales of goods at auction. The Chinese used auctions to sell surplus property to raise money for their religious leaders and temples.
3. The Вritish organized regular auctions of books and art in the 1600’s. In some parts of England during the 17th and 18th centuries “auction by candle” was used for the sale of goods and leasehold. This auction began by lighting a candle after which bids were offered in ascending order until the candle burnt out. The high bid won the auction. In the late 17th century auctions came to be held in coffeehouses and taverns throughout London. Such auctions were held daily, and catalogues were printed. In the early 18th century the great auction houses were created: Sotheby’s and Christie’s. English auction is also known as an open ascending price auction. This type of auction is the most common form of auction in use today.
4. Over the years auctioneering has been progressing and changing, and today it remains more popular than ever. Mostly everything can be sold by auction: antiques, household items, automobiles, land, livestock, designer clothes, etc. Auctioning is becoming more and more common on the World Wide Web, and auctioning websites have become very big business.
B. Mark the sentences a) T (True)
B) F (False)
C) NG (Not Given)
1. In Вabylon auctions of women for marriage were held annually.
2. The Greeks were the first to organize sales of goods at auction.
3. The ascending price auction is the most common today.
I. Match the words with the definitions.
1) budget a) how much people want something
2) demand b) money paid regularly for work done
3) inflation c) employees
4) commodity d) the amount of money you have for something
5) wages e) someone who sets up a new business of their own
6) staff f) what a company produces
7) output g) something you can buy or sell
8) entrepreneur h) rising prices
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